Guide to Gardening

Fruit & Citrus

Every garden deserves a citrus tree. In all but the coldest districts, citrus trees feature in backyards. They’re incredible survivors, but will perform better and bear wonderful crops if they’re well cared for.


Useful Articles for gardeners of all abilities.

How to

Projects to get you motivated and inspired for a weekend of gardening.


Specific advice to grow and maintain a range of home garden plants.


An extensive range of practical gardening videos and product demonstrations.

Where to grow citrus

Plenty of Sun

Citrus trees need to be in full sun. If you’re short of sunny spots in the garden, grow citrus in pots that can be moved to take advantage of changing patterns of sunlight. Although citrus are traditionally grown in terracotta, these pots can be heavy (and expensive!). Yates have the perfect solution: their Tuscan pots are lightweight, surprisingly inexpensive and have that wonderful Mediterranean look that goes so well with citrus. Tuscan pots come in a range of sizes. The large 50 cm size is big enough to grow almost any type of citrus tree happily for many years.

Good Drainage

In the garden citrus must have good drainage. In heavy clay soils it’s best to put some extra effort into preparation. Before planting, raise the level of the bed as much as possible, dig in some coarse sand and plenty of old organic matter (compost, aged manure or commercial soil improver).

Feeding citrus

Before planting

Mix some Dynamic Lifter organic pellets into the soil before planting. Dynamic Lifter’s gentle organic nature means that it won’t cause root burn, even if it accidentally contacts some of the roots.

Established citrus

Feed with Thrive Granular Citrus Food at least twice a year. Citrus are very greedy plants and, because of the extra demands imposed by their heavy crop, it’s always best to use a specifically formulated food. Occasionally switch to Dynamic Lifter organic pellets to improve the levels of microbial activity in the soil.

Citrus in pots

To reduce the risk of root burn, citrus in pots should be fertilised with a slow release plant food. Here again, Dynamic Lifter is suitable, or choose Thrive Once-a-year-feeder Shrub & Citrus.

Pests and diseases on citrus


  • Symptom: Lumps on fruit and leaves that can easily be scratched off.
  • Remedy: Scrub gently with a soft brush and soap.

Cold damage

  • Symptom: Curled-up leaves. Reddish-brown patches on back of leaf
  • Remedy: Move potted citrus to warmer position


  • Raised, warty lesions on outer skin.
  • Spray with Champ DP before, during and after flowering.

Top Rated Articles for Fruit


Create a Citrus Garden


These fruits like it warm


Growing blueberries

Plant care for Fruit


Apples trees (small)

Advice on growing small apple trees in the home garden


Strawberries and raspberries

Learn how to grow your own strawberries and raspberries so you can enjoy them in your home garden



Summer's the peachiest time of year and, if you're a real peach enthusiast, you might like to try growing a tree of your own.

View all plant care articles

Useful articles for Fruit


These fruits like it warm

You might like to try growing some of the more adaptable fruit varieties such as passionfruit, avocadoes, tamarillos and figs

View all useful articles

Handy projects for Fruit


Create a Citrus Garden

Citrus fruits help keep winter sniffles at bay, and growing your own ensures that you'll have plenty of fresh fruit to enjoy.

View all handy projects

Common problems for Fruit

Read more about Lemon verrucosis

Lemon verrucosis

Lemon verrucosis causes rough warty lesions on the outer skin of the fruit.

Read more about Pear & Cherry Slug

Pear & Cherry Slug

The female fly lays eggs into the leaves of pears, cherries, apples, ... They then pupate in the soil until the adult flies emerge to begin a new cycle. ...

Read more about Sooty Mould

Sooty Mould

Sooty moulds are fungi which cover plant leaves, stems and twigs in a black sticky substance.

View all problems